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Concert: Army of Generals: The Concerto in Mannheim, 1742-60 (The Hague)

February 6 @ 16:00 - 20:00


With the support of the Het Fonds Podiumkunsten NL Balkonscènes fund, Das Neue Mannheimer Orchester is proud to present a series of concerts presenting concerti on period instruments from the Mannheim Court in its early period, which blends a variety of baroque ideals with more modern galant elements.

On 6 February 2021 in The Hague, there will be two presentations at 16.00 and 19.00, each limited to 30 attendees as per COVID-19 restrictions. 


Directed by Anders Muskens (harpsichord), with Das Neue Mannheimer Orchester

Ignaz Holzbauer (1711-1783) – Oboe Concerto in D minor
I. Allegro
II. Largo Andante
III. Allegro

With Federico Forla, oboe

Johann Baptist Wendling (1723 – 1797): Flute Concerto in G minor GUN 1 (1749)
I. Allegro
II. Molto Adagio
III. Presto

With Florencia Gómez, traverso

Ignaz Holzbauer (1711-1783) – Violin Concerto in G major (1762 ms. copy, from 1750’s)
I. Andante
II. Largo gratioso
III. Allegro con spirito

With Clara Sawada, violin


This concert is part of our “Army of Generals” anthology project, where we seek to revive music from the world of the Mannheim Court Orchestra during 1742-78. The Volume 1 CD is now available.

The namesake of this anthology “Army of Generals” comes from a quote by English musicologist Charles Burney, who visited Mannheim in 1772 and wrote: “There are more solo players and good composers in this, than perhaps in any other orchestra in Europe; it is an army of generals, equally fit to plan a battle, as to fight it.”

Under the reign and patronage of Elector Carl Theodor during 1743-78, the court orchestra of Mannheim became the leading centre of musical life in Europe. Not only were its performances of the music of the finest composers of the day considered first rate, but also were its own school of composers, virtuoso players, and innovative style. This school had a profound influence on later composers like Mozart and Haydn, and Mozart notably sought employment there, albeit unsuccessfully.

German philosopher and music critic Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart wrote in 1784: “The elector’s theater and his concert hall were almost an odeum, characterized by the masterworks of all artists. The elector ‘s changing mood contributed very much to this taste. Jommelli, Hasse, Graun, Traetta, Georg Benda, Sales, Agricola, the London Bach (Johann Christian Bach), Gluck, [and] Schweitzer alternated there year after year with the compositions of his own masters, so that there was no place in the world where one could so surely develop his musical taste so quickly as in Mannheim […] No orchestra in the world has ever surpassed the performance of the Mannheim orchestra. Its forte is thunder; its crescendo, a cataract; its diminuendo, like a crystal stream plashing in the distance; its piano, a spring breeze. The wind instruments were all as suitable as they could be: they lift and carry, or they fill up and animate the storm of the violins.”

Although this music was extremely popular and influential in its time, it is largely forgotten today, so the release of this anthology of recordings brings new light to this otherwise obscure and underrated repertoire.


February 6
16:00 - 20:00
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Waalse Kerk, Den Haag
Noordeinde 25,
The Hague, Netherlands
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